In 1997, the General Assembly decided, in resolution 52/111, to hold the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination,Xenophobia and Related Intolerance. The World Conference which was held in Durban, South Africa from 31 August to 7 September 2001, was a landmark in the struggle to improve the lives of millions of human beings around the world who are victims of racial discrimination and intolerance.
The Durban Declaration and Programme of Action
Adopted by consensus at the 2001 World Conference against Racism in Durban, South Africa, the Durban Declaration and Programmme of Action (DDPA) is a comprehensive, action-oriented document that proposes concrete measures to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. It is holistic in its vision, addresses a wide range of issues, and contains far-reaching recommendations and practical measures.
The DDPA embodies the firm commitment of the international community to tackle racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance at the national, regional and international level. Recognition that no country can claim to be free of racism, that racism is a global concern, and that tackling it should be a universal effort, is an important achievement. Although the DDPA is not legally binding, it has a strong moral value and serves as a basis for advocacy efforts worldwide.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 2015-2024 as the International Decade of People of African Descent (IDPAD), resolution 68/237. According to the resolution, the international community and international and regional organizations should use the Decade as an opportunity to engage with people of African descent on effective measures to halt and reverse the lasting consequences of slavery, the slave trade and the transatlantic slave trade in captured African people. The IDPAD canvassed relevant United Nations decisions to addressed provision of effective remedies, recourse, redress, and compensatory and other measures at the national, regional and international levels. One of the “remedies” for the full implementation of the IDPAD and the DDPA is to “facilitate a welcome return and resettlement of the descendants of enslaved Africans.” Therefore, KNC initiatives are centered around the return and resettlement of DEAUS.